During her military duty as a young woman in Israel, Ruchama lived in the midst of endless Arab-Israeli conflicts. After becoming a psychiatrist, she gathered a band of medical professionals to tend to the wounds of victims on both sides. In the process, these professionals discovered human rights violations committed by both sides of the conflict. Unable to let these violations go unattended, Ruchama pressed for justice and reparations to the victims. Her organization, Physicians for Human Rights-Israel, now with over 1500 volunteers, continues to administer free medical assistance throughout Israel to those who are not otherwise eligible for health care services.